In Aceh, from the early fifteenth century until Indonesian independence came in 1945, women
had been given the opportunity to be leaders of the country and to participate in public life.
In that times, there appeared many important women figures at the national level, either as leaders of the government or as a heroes in
struggle against the Dutch colonialists.
These role of women in Acehnese society largely owe to matriarchal system.
The prominent women figures in Aceh including: Admiral Keumalahajati (in the
late 1500s), four queens whose successively rule from 1641-1700, and guerilla
commander in Dutch Colonial War era (such as: Cut Nya' Dhien, Cut Meutia, Pocut
Baren, Pocut Mirah Inteun).
During struggle for national freedom (1945-49), the women of the "Revolution of 45" in Aceh not only served as public kitchen staff and "Pasukan Bulan Sabit"
(health staff), but also involved themselves actively in fighting, like
"Pocut Baren Regimen."
But since the independence of Indonesia in late 1949, the condition of women
in Aceh has been declining and has become not far different from the condition of
women in other parts of Indonesia.
It may be assumed that Acehnese women's position has marginalize under Indonesia
More article on Acehnese women:
The Forgotten Cost of Counter-insurgency in Aceh (from
"Inside Indonesia" magazine, January-March 1997)
The Politics of Gender, Islam,
and Nation-State in Aceh (Thesis abstract, 1997)
600 'Raped In Aceh Over Past Seven Years' (from
The Straits Times, July 29,
Tortured Grandmother (from The
Sydney Morning Herald, August 29, 1998)
The Wake Up
Call for Acehnese Women
(NYU Conference, December 12, 1998)
Women In Freedom Fight (from
The Christian Science Monitor, July 23, 1999)
"Inside Indonesia" magazine, April - June 2000)
Women’s Rights in Aceh (from
Tapol, April 2000)